Krasnodar Territory General Information
Territory is located in the western part of the Greater Caucasus
and on the Kuban-Azov (Kuban) Plain. It is the southernmost Russian
territory was formed on September 13, 1937. It has an area of
76 000 km2 and a population of over 5 million. It is divided into
38 administrative districts and includes 26 cities and 24 urban
communities, with Krasnodar as the capital. The Republic of Adygea
is also part of Krasnodar Territory.
Territory is one of the most attractive parts of Russia, with
its boundless steppes and high forest-covered mountains. Russia's
two southernmost seas, Black Sea and Sea of Azov, wash the foot
of the Caucasus Mountains. The mountains are the source of the
many rivers that carve their paths through deep gorges and canyons.
The territory borders Rostov Region (Rostov-on-Don) in the north and northeast,
Stavropol Territory in the east, and Abkhazia in the south. The southern and western boundaries follow the coasts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
border is 1540 km long, including 740 km of coastline. The territory
extends a maximum of 372 km from north to south and 380 km from
west to east.
climate varies from temperate continental to subtropical. Average
January temperatures range from -8 °C in the mountains (above
2000 m) and -4 °C on the plains, to +5 °C on the seacoast; average
July temperatures vary from +13 °C in the mountains, to +23 °C
on the plains and coast. Precipitation ranges from 400 to 3200
territory is a nature conservation zone distinguished by diverse
plant and animal life. The Caucasus State Biosphere Reserve is
located here. This natural research complex covers an area of
263,500 hectares and is part of the international national park
system. A favorable climate, warm seas, mineral and mud springs,
and scenic mountain and coastal landscapes have combined to make
Krasnodar Territory one of the most important tourist regions
Krasnodar Territory has a population of 5.076 million (54% urban,
46% rural), or 3.2% of the population of the Russian Federation.
The average population density is 66.7 people per km2, which is
eight times higher than the Russian national average.
territory's overwhelming majority population are Russians (85.1%),
followed by Armenians (5%). The once numerous Ukrainians are now
mostly assimilated. Other sizable groups include Greeks, Meskhetian
Turks, Crimean Tatars, and Germans. Most residents of the central
and northern districts are Russian-speaking, whereas the foothill,
mountain, and coastal areas are multiethnic. One of the territory's
ethnocultural features is the presence of Cossack settlements
throughout the region. Cossacks make up an estimated one-fifth
of the population and live mainly in Bryukhovetsky, Kushchevsky,
and Slavyansky districts and in the vicinity of Novorossiysk and
Territory is unique in its geographical location and climatic
resources, as well as in its diverse natural landscapes and wealth
of plant and animal life. The soils of the plains are mainly chernozems
(black earths), and mountain-forest and mountain-meadow soils
predominate in the mountains. The territory has a wide variety
of mineral resources. Minerals produced here include oil, fuel
gas, salt, hard coking coal, manganese ores, nickel, tin, copper
ores, cement marl, volcanic muds, refractory clays, and lithographic
stone. There are also huge deposits of construction and road-building
materials, such as facing stone, shell rock, limestone, granite,
marble, and more.
fuel and energy complex accounts for more than 20% of the territory's
industrial output. Krasnodar is considered an old oil-producing
region of Russia. Oil has been produced there since 1864, and
68 oil fields are operating today. The main fields are in the
western and central parts of the foothills (Abinsky, Seversky,
and Apsheronsky districts). The refining industry is centered
in Tuapse and Krasnodar.
the highest quality soils and a favorable climate Krasnodar region
has always been the principal "breadbasket" of the Russian Federation.
It has 3% of all ploughed lands in Russia. It also has Russia's
only specialized agricultural university. The region produces
approximately 6% of meat and dairy products, 10% of all-Russian
grain, 30% of fruit production, 60% of oilseed production, 90%
of rice production and 97% of wine production. It is always in
the top few in terms of agricultural indicators, often leading
the pack. The agricultural significance of the region has truly
emerged with the breakup of the Soviet Union and the consequential
loss of large agricultural belts of Ukraine and Kazakhstan.
Kuban borders two seas: the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. The
Sea of Azov is classified as a large lake because of its relatively
small area and shallowness. It is of great economic significance
due its rich fisheries. The most valuable species are members
of the sturgeon family (beluga, Russian sturgeon). A large number
of fish hatcheries on the shores of the Sea of Azov raise young
sturgeon, carp, and other valuable species, and the picturesque
shores home to bird colonies.
coastline from Adler to the Taman Peninsula is washed by the Black
Sea, which joins with the Sea of Marmara in the south and the
Sea of Azov in the north. The area has significant sea ports and
seaside resorts with therapeutic mineral and mud springs, delightful
foothills climate and beautiful scenery.
territory's main river, the Kuban, is relatively short (906 km)
but deep. It brings more than 12 billion m3 of water to the sea
annually, although floods often occur during spring runoff and
in summer, resulting in large-scale damage to the economy. Reservoirs
and canals have been built in order to regulate water flows from
virtue of its geographical location and climatic conditions, Krasnodar
Territory is one of Russia's most attractive regions. Unique natural
resources, rich mineral deposits, the Azov-Kuban basin (the largest
in Europe) with its underground thermal and mineral springs, forests,
fertile agricultural land, high industrial and agricultural potential,
a construction industry base, sea ports, rail, and road network
all create the necessary conditions for profitable investment
in the regional economy.
territory is involved in investment cooperation with more than
60 countries, and hundreds of companies with foreign capital are registered